Project Title: A Proposal on Promotion of Climate Resilience Agriculture Practices for Food Security and livelihood improvement for Small and Marginal Farmers of Munger and Lakhisarai district (Bihar)
Considering the importance of managing climatic risks in rural livelihoods. ITC, PRAVAH NGO and The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) has initiated a collaborative work to help agriculture-dependent communities to implement and scale-up the Climate Smart Village (CSV) approach in ITC’s outreach areas.
Under the project, CCAFS, PRAVAH and ITC Limited have analysed and derived a methodology for its Project villages to undertake agriculture assessment, clustering of villages based on climatic risks and identification of climate smart technologies. The methodology is Scientific, Participatory and easy to scale up for different stakeholders including Farmers.
The methodology involves following steps:
Climate Risk Analysis
The climate risks involve understanding variability like Rainfall, Rainy days, Dry spells, droughts and waterlogging due to heavy downpour. Under the exercise, the future risks are also projected. Climatic fluctuations, in terms of variation in rainfall are evaluated and assessed on coefficient of variation of rainfall to identify their extent of vulnerability to climatic shocks. Post this the villages are clustered into following grids.
High Yield- High Resilience (HY – HR)
High Yield – Low Resilience(HY-LR)
Low Yield – High Resilience(HR-LY)
Low Yield – Low Resilience(LY-LR)
Based on these further interventions are planned.
31st March 2023-30th March 2024
Munger & Lakhisarai District of Bihar State
To reach approx. 1,06,565 Households.
Post a comprehensive assessment of climate risks and agriculture production system, a long list of Climate Smart Agriculture options is prepared by lining with scientific evidences of climatic risks reduction. This suggested list is based on science and is marked with national and international experience of the leading experts in agricultural science. These technologies are selected based on the five-climate smartness criteria- water, nutrient, seed, weather and knowledge smartness.
Impact of Project: Under phase of the implementation of the CSV approach in the key areas, following things are being implemented:
Creation ofa robust baseline for each cluster of villages that will act as a tool for assessing the progress and alignment towards CSVs,
Participatory implementation of various climate-smart interventions to promote climate-smart villages in the clusters through creation of a cadre of farmers namely Super-Champion, Champion, CSV and Other Farmers.
Strengthening the capacity of farmers, local bodies and other stakeholders in climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Monitoring and Evaluating of Project Activities and outcome.
Economic (yield, Income and employment)
Social (gender role and group cohesion)
Environment (Water Efficiency, Nutrient Efficiency and Organic carbon increase)